Ad blocker interference detected!
Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers
Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.
The following is a list of terms associated to Japanese mahjong. While it is certainly not necessary to know the Japanese terminology to the game, a player should at least be able to identify a terms reference when used or applied. However, players are highly encouraged to know the yaku by Japanese name, especially when it comes to the chanting a winning hand composition.
- The player assigned as East, the east seat-wind player.
- The other three players, with South being to the right of the dealer; West, across; North to the left.
All calls make the meld open and the player's hand to be open.
- Call on a discard to complete a run.
- Call on a discard to make a quad.
- Call on a discard to complete a triplet.
- Declare a bet of ready.
Both of these terms apply at the end of an exhaustive draw; otherwise, remain uncalled until then.
- Declare a hand is not ready.
- Declare a hand is ready.
- General declaration of a win.
- Declare a win off a discard tile or a kan tile. Ron doesn't make the player's hand open, but it does make a set completed by the ronned tile to be open.
- Declare a win with a self-drawn tile.
- Also a term used for any drawn tile.
- Any condition, aside from chombo, which ends the hand prematurely
- State of the hand when all tiles, apart from the dead wall, are drawn and resulted in no winner
- A single game of Japanese mahjong, composed of East-South rounds.
- A single hand of mahjong, in which the wind seating does not rotate due to the dealer winning or ended the hand in tenpai
Ankō (ankou) or an-kōtsu (an-koutsu)
- A closed meld of triplets.
- Bonus tiles which increases a hand's han count.
- A meld of quads.
- The meld. A principle in rummy, where a group of 3-tiles form a set of same suit sequences or triplets. Quads also count as a meld, functioning as a triplet plus one extra.
Minkō (minkou) or min-kōtsu (min-koutsu)
- An open meld of triplets.
- The count on the number of tiles needed to reach tenpai.
- A sequential meld.
- Specific tiles waiting based on the "octaves" of 1-4-7, 2-5-8, or 3-6-9.
- Hand is waiting on one more tile either by draw or discard for completion.
- A pair of tiles.
- The composition pattern and/or luck situation of a mahjong hand. See Mahjong yaku.
- "Minipoints". A value based on the individual melds
- A combined value on the total yaku with dora, if applicable. Due to dora, yaku equates to han, but han may not necessarily equate to yaku.
- The number of consecutive hands, in which a winner is not produced. It may also include the number of times a dealer wins consecutively.
- Scoring sticks.
Terminology list Extensive list of terminology in Osamuko.