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Often, a hand may encounter the basic waits. However, some tile patterns may involve combinations of those basic waits. Some of these additional wait patterns may allow players to have 3 or more waits. Many of these patterns involve a string and combination of the basic wait patterns.

Touhou Wait Quiz

Tile wait quiz in mahjong software.

For simplicity, the examples below involve hands in tenpai. Of course, the patterns are applicable to hands in noten during hand development.

Suji

Mahjong suji
1 4 7
2 5 8
3 6 9

Many common 3-sided wait patterns involve the "octaves", or suji. The simplest of these patterns use a group of consecutive 5-tiles in one suit, which involve waits of any of the suji.

RyanzouSanzouSuusouUusouRyuusouRyanpinRyanpinRyanpinUuwanRyuuwanChiiwanHatsuHatsu

The above example tenpai hand is looking for any of the 1-4-7 tiles: Iisou, Suusou, or Chiisou.

Multiple pair waits

While the pair wait commonly involves a wait for single tile, it is possible to even have multiple pair waits. These may also involve the suji.

SanwanSuuwanUuwanRyuuwanChuupinChuupinChuupinNanNanNanUusouRyuusouChiisou

To complete the above tenpai hand, the winning tile is either a Sanwan or Ryuuwan to complete the pair of either of the two. Notice, the two tiles follow the 3-6 suji.

Likewise, the multiple pair wait may be extended to a 3-sided wait, like the following example.

SanwanSuuwanUuwanRyuuwanChiiwanPaawanChuuwanNanNanNanUusouRyuusouChiisou

Here, the wait is extended to the full 3-6-9 suji, looking to pair any of the Sanwan or Ryuuwan or Chuuwan. Note, this pattern involves a consecutive group of 7-tiles in one suit

Extended shanpon waits

These waits consist of two pairs of tiles with a shuntsu joined from one of the pairs.

UusouRyuusouChiisouChiisouChiisouSanwanSanwanIipinIipinIipinShaShaSha

This waits on three different tiles Suusou, Chiisou, and Sanwan, although the total number of tiles is only 7, less than a basic two-way wait. These waits may be extended from both pairs.

SanzouSuusouUusouRyuusouChiisouPassouPassouPassouSuuwanSuuwanSuuwanUuwanRyuuwan

This hand waits on Ryanzou, Uusou, Passou, Suuwan, or Chiiwan for a total of 13 tiles maximum.

Ankou-tanki combination waits

These waits consist of a kanchan, penchan or ryanmen wait with three of one of the tiles, for example UupinRyuupinRyuupinRyuupin. They wait for both the normal out(s) of the base wait, and a duplicate of the single tile - in the example, 47pin and 5pin. Furthermore, they can be extended with shuntsu to create even larger multi-way two-suji waits.

UuwanRyuuwanChiiwanRyanpinSanpinSuupinUupinRyuupinChiipinPaapinChuupinChuupinChuupin

This example tenpai hand is waiting on any one Iipin, Ryanpin, Suupin, Uupin, Chiipin, or Paapin. Note, it is a combination of the suji: 1-4-7 and 2-5-8. It consists of the 8999 "pentan" wait (waiting on 78) doubly extended with the 567 and 234 shuntsu.

Adding a second closed triple to the end of the wait will make the hand wait on all three suji, such as in the image at the top of the page. The maximum-extended variant of this is the 9-way Chūren Pōtō.

Other Mixed waits

Multi-way waits that don't fit into these shapes also exist. For example,

SuupinSuupinUupinUupinRyuupinRyuupinRyuupin NanNanNanUusouRyuusouChiisou

waits on SanpinSuupinUupinRyuupin.

Special yakuman waits

Two yakuman have particular wait patterns: Kokushi Musō and Chūren Pōtō.

Chūren Pōtō

For Chūren Pōtō, it is possible for the hand to have a 9-sided wait.

IipinIipinIipinRyanpinSanpinSuupinUupinRyuupinChiipinPaapinChuupinChuupinChuupin

As long as the hand has the 1-1-1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-9-9 pattern in the hand, then the wait is 9-sided, where any of the tiles 1-9 is considered as the waiting tile. The three-side suji waits 23456, 45678 and 2345678 can be spotted.

File-Nine-Gates-anim

Of course, if the tenpai hand looks like this:

IipinIipinIipinRyanpinSanpinUupinUupinRyuupinChiipinPaapinChuupinChuupinChuupin

The yakuman is still possible on a Suupin. However, the other waits of IipinUupin will render this hand no longer qualify as a yakuman. Instead, it will simply become a chinitsu.

Kokushi Musō

This wait is called Junsei Kokushimusou. It applies to Kokushi Musō. With this yakuman, it is possible for the waiting tiles be any of the 13 in the hand. As the yaku dictates, the hand is valid to possess all of the 13 tiles shown below, with a pair of any of the 13. Of course, the hand is otherwise a single tile wait on the missing tile, if there already exists a pair in the hand.

13-sided wait IipinChuupinIisouChuusouIiwanChuuwanTonNanShaPeHakuHatsuChun waiting on any of the 13
01-sided wait IipinChuupinIisouChuusouIiwanChuuwanTonNanNanShaPeHakuHatsu waiting on the Chun

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